Farid Zahran

121 Articles

Farid Zahran is a publisher and writer. He is the co-founder of the Egyptian Social Democratic Party

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Latest by Farid Zahran


What are the chances of mergers and alliances inside the democratic movement? (2-2)

Most people count the following parties as social democratic ones: the Egyptian Social Democratic Party, the Justice Party and Al Dostour Party. Other people describe them as liberal rather than social democratic, which is a description used for the Nasserite and Leftist parties. Other descriptions include secular, civil or even parties against a religious state. …

Farid Zahran

What are the chances of mergers and alliances inside the democratic movement?

In the previous two articles, we surveyed the map of parties and groups inside the Egyptian democratic movement. There were four major directions inside the movement, three of which were already established: liberals, national Nasserites, and leftists. The fourth group is newly-established: the social democrats. Beginning with the Nasserites: the National Conciliation Party and the …

Farid Zahran

What are the inner makings of Egypt’s democracy movement? (Part 2 of 2)

In our previous article on the inner workings of Egypt’s democratic movement, we discussed the country’s Nasserist and leftist political camps. Here, we will seek to do the same with Egypt’s social democratic and liberal movements. The largest and most important party within the former, and perhaps even the larger civil democratic movement as a …

Farid Zahran

What are the inner makings of Egypt’s democracy movement? (Part 1 of 2)

In order to answer this question regarding the future of Egypt’s democracy movement, we must first stop and look at the parties that make up its internal structure. This will require that we analyse in detail each party within the movement, in order to evaluate their performance and measure their strength in comparison to other …

Farid Zahran

Has the police state returned?

In the previous article, we discussed the secret conflict raging between supporters of the old regime and advocates of a democratic state. We discussed in detail the nature of the supporters of the old regime, and the different fault lines which exist within this group, in addition to the propensity of those from the the …

Farid Zahran

What are the political factions currently operating within Egypt?

All political systems throughout the world must include large, dominant political parties, and small, opposition parties. These parties must be rooted in legitimacy and capable of engaging in dialogue regarding the foundations of political life and the relationship that exists between citizens and the state. Such dialogue is successful when it is rooted in specific …

Farid Zahran

Farid Zahran

Who is responsible for violence within Egypt?

Before the dispersal of the sit-ins at Rabaa Al-Adaweya and Al-Nahda squares, something resembling a consensus was being reached amongst Egypt’s democratic forces, which acknowledged that neither of the two was peaceful. This consensus was based off a series of clues and supporting evidence received from human rights organisations pointing to the fact that torture …

Farid Zahran

Farid Zahran

Once Again: What do Egyptians want from America?

In the last article we discussed Egypt’s elite, and in particular those supporters of the nationalist, or “deep” state, who are largely in line with American strategic directives regarding the administration of the region and the world at large. None of their adopted polices clash with American interests, either in Egypt or in the region …

Farid Zahran

What do Egyptians want from the United States?

Sometimes when I find myself exposed to US policy regarding Egypt, I hear a lot of commentary from American researchers and journalists. What draws my attention most with regards to some of these commentaries, and attracts the most displeasure with regards to the volume of criticism levelled against American policy throughout the region, is when …

Farid Zahran

When was the army outside of the political game in Egypt?

Those who say that what happened on 30 June was a popular revolution supported by the army do not deny that it was the main reason behind the achievement of their goal in overthrowing Morsi, just like it was on 25 January in overthrowing Mubarak. Like Mubarak, Morsi has supporters who believe that he is …

Farid Zahran

What happened on 30 June?

I would have liked to answer the question: “where is Egypt going after 30 June?” but I discovered that I have to first explain what happened on 30 June. We have to put aside what is being said about a military coup, since facts confirm the size of public participation on 30 June. The second …

Farid Zahran

Does the United States not know what’s happening in Egypt?

In the loud conversations that occurred before and after the removal of Morsi, some stressed the importance of explaining the truth about what is going on in Egypt to political and media circles in the west. The conversations were directed specifically to the United States, on the basis that the information reaching those circles is …

Farid Zahran

What’s after 30 June?

Analysing the current political scene is quite difficult, because things are happening very fast, and predictions that are to be published in two-days time might turn out to be far from reality. Despite the difficulty, I am bound to present an analytic reading of the situation, hoping that this reading would succeed in presenting an …

Farid Zahran

What are the ingredients and social background of the radical Islamist group?

Last article, I explained the social background of the second group of the political Islamist movement, which was the religion-based Islamist parties. This time, I will explain that of the third group of the Islamist political movement, the radical Islamist group. By radical, I mean the Islamist groups that are officially active in the political …

Farid Zahran

What are the ingredients and background of the Salafi movement in Egypt?

In the previous article, I covered the first segment of the Islamist movements in Egypt, which was the political Islamist parties, and it centred on the Muslim Brotherhood. Now, I will go into detail regarding the second segment, the religion-based Islamist parties. The religion-based Islamist parties are what we call Salafis. We call them the …

Farid Zahran

What is the political map of the Islamist movement in Egypt?

The number of “Islamic” or “quasi-Islamic” parties has officially reached 12. The parties can be categorised into three groups: the first are “political” Islamist parties, the second are “religion-based political” Islamist parties, and the third are the “radical” Islamist parties, or rather of radical backgrounds. At the heart of all these parties is the Freedom …

Farid Zahran

What are the ingredients and social backgrounds of political Islamists?

Political Islamist movements, at their heart the Muslim Brotherhood, embody sections of society that are mostly found in its middle class. These are also known as “intermediary classes” which usually fall between the upper and lower classes. Remarkably, people belonging to these classes are not socially homogeneous, meaning they are not at the same position …

Farid Zahran

What are the strengths and weaknesses of the hegemonic state group?

I have mentioned before that the political life in Egypt can be divided in many ways. In an attempt to analyse the political map, I divided it into three major movements: the political Islamist group, the democratic group and the supporters of a hegemonic state. I went into detail regarding the third group, which is …

Farid Zahran

What does Egypt’s political map look like today?

Several months before the elections for Egypt’s House of Representatives, scheduled to take place this coming October, many Egyptians are asking: what is the plan of those political parties participating in these elections? Some ask this question not because they doubt that these elections will take place at its scheduled time, but rather because they …

Farid Zahran

What does the future hold for Egypt?

Sunday night, during a late night call to the “Al-Hafez” television channel, I took part in a discussion with a prominent Egyptian political analyst regarding the country’s rampant political polarisation. For those who don’t know, Al-Hafez is a relatively extremist channel that plays host to a number of far right personalities, including a sheikh who …

Farid Zahran

What tactics are set to be employed by Egypt’s various political movements?

It should be clear, as pointed out in several of my previous articles, that Egypt’s political circuit consists of three primary forces. The first of these is the country’s Islamist movement, made up primarily of the Muslim Brotherhood, and the second is those forces that seek to revive Egypt’s “old” hegemonic state, with the army, …

Farid Zahran

In other words: Who is the alternative to the Muslim Brotherhood?

Before answering this question, ask yourself: Has the Muslim Brotherhood succeeded in running the country? I ask this as someone who considers himself relatively involved in the country’s political circuit, who does not seek to judge the Muslim Brotherhood based on his own political convictions; however at the same time I do not pretend to …

Farid Zahran

Is there no other alternative to the Muslim Brotherhood?

It has been repeated many times in recent months that there exists no alternative to the Muslim Brotherhood in terms of selecting a group capable and organised enough to rule Egypt. Other organisations, it has been claimed, lack unity, do not have enough popular political support, or have no clear vision for a political platform. …

Farid Zahran

Has the Muslim Brotherhood adopted Sectarianism?

I have attempted over the last several articles, to shed light on the fault lines of the various political and socio-economic divisions that exist within Egyptian society, in addition to the ideologies of those who seek during elections to secure their place within the country’s political system. Traditional left wing theory tells us that social …

Farid Zahran

What do we do about those caught between the corrupt and the hopeless?

After viewing the results of Egypt’s last parliamentary elections, we can safely say that they were not only contested by political parties, but also those who advocated for competing attitudes and views about the state of Egypt and its future. We have at times attempted to monitor these attitudes, identifying four major points of conflict …

Farid Zahran

Has the army truly withdrawn from Egyptian politics?

I recently claimed in a previous article, to all those who were interested in the progress of political dialogue within Egypt, that the country’s military would “not seek to return and inject itself back into politics, and will not seek to once again directly administer the affairs of our country”. I was pleased to see …

Farid Zahran